The F chord on the guitar



You can learn how to play the F chord in all CAGED shapes!

This video lesson is part of a series looking at the CAGED chords, open position as well as shapes.

There is no F in CAGED, but we need to include this F chord in order to complete the picture.

CAGED is only five notes and as you may know, we have seven notes, A B C D E F G. So the F and B are seemingly missing.

So what is an F then? Well, the first thing a guitar player thinks about when we hear F is this big painful chord you see below.

Instead of thinking of this as an F, think of it as an E-shaped F, since it looks like a barred E chord shape.

F chord, E shape

It’s really difficult to fret and you don’t catch many professional guitar players actually using this as the finger placement is so painful.

It seems to be only sadistic beginner teachers that insist upon this big F chord’s existence.

So, let’s make it less painful and more useful.

  • We can play only the bottom three strings. This is actually only an F5, as there is no 3rd in this chord
  • We can play the middle of it, strings 2-4, this is a great F chord
  • We can play the top part of it, strings 1-3, another great F chord
  • We can also play strings 1-4, this is possibly the best way
  • Finally, we can play strings 2-5, this could be described as an F/C

I feel that we can use this final fraction whenever we want a big-sounding F, but don’t want to barre this biggest version. I use this in three beginner acoustic songs.


Let’s move up the neck and find the rest of the CAGED system, here’s a D shape.

F chord, D shape

So that’s hard to fret, right?

  • We can play it as an F5 by ignoring the top string.
  • We can play a complete F by ignoring the 4th string.

We don’t want to play all four strings, it’s just painful and stupid.

Once you start extending the D shape, all chords become easier to fret using the full shape. Check the D chord/shape for more on this.


The next shape is a C shape, again the full shape is awkward.

F chord, C shape

If you don’t want to play this, if it’s too hard, then don’t do it. Let’s break it down into fractions instead.

  • Strings 3-5 are not great but it’s OK.
  • Strings 2-4 are fantastic
  • Strings 1-3 are really good, this is the same as a D shape

The next shape is the A-shaped F. Here displayed as a Chordacus image.

F chord, A shape

Here are the possible fractions.

  • Just string 3-5, that’s an F5, there’s no 3rd.
  • String 2-5, this is a complete F, a little bit tricky.
  • String 2-4, that’s a complete F, great chord.
  • String 1-3, that’s a complete F as well, great chord.

Next shape, G shape. Completely impossible, don’t even try it – But do visualize it!

F chord, G shape

Let’s find our fractions.

  • Strings 4-6, possible but not great.
  • Strings 3-5 are better, but still not great.
  • Strings 2-4, this is really good, it’s the same as an A shape.
  • Strings 2-4 without a 3rd, so that’s an F5 chord, it’s not great,
  • String 1-3, with a 3rd again, it’s not great.

The G shape is the weakest shape for building a simple major chord.

If you’ve seen the G chord/shape video you know this becomes better once we extend the chord. Arpeggios, modes, and all that stuff are just as good as the other CAGED shapes so it’s really just the major triad that doesn’t quite do it.


F chord summary

That’s all the F chords. We had the E shape, D shape, C shape, A shape, and G shape.

Next time you see an F chord you know there are more areas in which you can play it.

To get help moving to and from it, using picking, strumming, and fingerpicking, you need real songs.

Among the beginner songs, we play an F in The Drugs Don’t Work, One More Cup Of Coffee, and Rewind.

When you sign up for my guitar courses, I will help you play an F as well as all other chords all over the neck, at the same time as you learn famous songs.


Guitar chords

Learn how to build minor and major guitar chords using the CAGED system.

This is the foundation upon which we learn to extend chords and build arpeggios and modes as well.

Go to Guitar chords.